Physics @ Berkeley
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 PHYSICS GRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 

PHYSICS C201 INTRODUCTION TO NANO-SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (3)
Prerequisites: major in physical science such as chemistry, physics, etc., or engineering; consent of advisor or instructor. May be repeated for credit. A four-module introduction to the fundamental topics of Nano-Science and Engineering (NSE) theory and research within chemistry, physics, biology, and engineering. This course includes quantum and solid-state physics; chemical synthesis, growth fabrication, and characterization techniques; structures and properties of semiconductors, polymer and biomedical materials on nanoscales, and devices based on nanostructures. Students may take either 3 or 4 units to satisfy the NSE Designated Emphasis requirement. Also listed as Materials Science and Engineering C261 and Nanoscale Science and Engineering C201.

PHYSICS C202 ASTROPHYSICAL FLUID DYNAMICS (4)   Students will receive no credit for Physics C202 after taking Astronomy 202. Principles of gas dynamics, self-gravitating fluids, magnetohydrodynamics and elementary kinetic theory. Aspects of convection, fluid oscillations, linear instabilities, spiral density waves, shock waves, turbulence, accretion disks, stellar winds, and jets. Also listed as Astronomy C202. 

PHYSICS 205A ADVANCED DYNAMICS  (4)
Prerequisites: Physics 105 or the equivalent. Lagrange and Hamiltonian dynamics, variational methods, symmetry, kinematics and dynamics of rotation, canonical variables and transformations, perturbation theory, non-linear dynamics, KAM theory. 205B prerequisites: Physics 205A.  Continuous systems, dissipative systems, attractors.  Emphasis on recent developments including turbulence.  

PHYSICS 205B ADVANCED DYNAMICS  (4)
Prerequisites: Physics 205A.  Continuous systems, dissipative systems, attractors.  Emphasis on recent developments including turbulence.  

PHYSICS 209 CLASSICAL ELECTROMAGNETISM (5) Prerequisites: 110A-110B or consent of instructor. Maxwell's equations, gauge transformations and tensors.  Complete development of special relativity, with applications.  Plane waves in material media, polarization, Fresnel equations, attenuation, dispersion. Wave equation with sources, retarded solution for potentials and fields, Cartesian and spherical multipole expansions, vector spherical harmonics, examples of radiating systems, diffraction, optical theorem.  Fields of charges in arbitrary motion, radiated power, relativistic (synchrotron) radiation, radiation in collisions. 

PHYSICS 211 EQUILIBRIUM STATISTICAL PHYSICS  (4)
Prerequisites: Physics 112 or equivalent. Foundations of statistical physics.  Ensemble theory.  Degenerate systems. Systems of interacting particles. 

PHYSICS 212  NONEQUILIBRIUM STATISTICAL PHYSICS  (4)
Prerequisites: Physics 112, 221AB or equivalents.  Time dependent processes. Kinetic equations. Transport processes. Irreversibility. Theory of many particle systems. Fluctuation phenomena. 

PHYSICS 216   SPECIAL TOPICS IN MANY-BODY PHYSICS  (4)
Prerequisites: Physics 212, 221AB or equivalent recommended.  Quantum theory of many-particle systems.  Applications of theory and technique to physical systems.  Pairing phenomena, superfluidity, equation of state, critical phenomena, phase transitions, nuclear matter. 

PHYSICS 221A QUANTUM MECHANICS  (5)
Prerequisites: Physics 137AB or equivalent.  Basic assumptions of quantum mechanics; quantum theory of measurement; matrix mechanics, Schroedinger theory; symmetry and invariance principles; theory of angular momentum; stationary state problems; variational principles; time independent perturbation theory; time dependent perturbation theory; theory of scattering.

PHYSICS 221B QUANTUM MECHANICS  (5)
Prerequisites: Physics 221A.  Many-body methods, radiation field quantization, relativistic quantum mechanics, applications.
 

PHYSICS 226  PARTICLE PHYSICS PHENOMENOLOGY (4)
Prerequisites: Physics 221AB or equivalent or consent of instructor.  Introduction to particle physics phenomena. Emphasis is placed on experimental tests of particle physics models. Topics include Quark model spectroscopy; weak decays; overview of detectors and accelerators; e+e- annihilation; parton model; electron-proton and neutrino-proton scattering; special topics of current interest. 

PHYSICS C228  EXTRAGALACTIC ASTRONOMY AND COSMOLOGY  (3)
A survey of physical cosmology - the study of the origin, evolution, and fate of the universe. Topics include the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker model, thermal history and big bang nucleosynthesis, evidence and nature of dark matter and dark energy, the formation and growth of galaxies and large scale structure, the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave radiation, inflation in the early universe, tests of cosmological models, and current research areas. The course complements the material of Astronomy 218. Also listed as Astronomy C228. 

PHYSICS 231 GENERAL RELATIVITY (4)
Prerequisites:  Physics 209 or equivalent or consent of instructor.  An introduction to Einsteinís theory of gravitation.  Tensor analysis, general relativistic models for matter and electromagnetism, Einsteinís field equations. Applications, for example, to the solar system, dense stars, black holes and cosmology. 

PHYSICS 232A QUANTUM FIELD THEORY I (4)
Prerequisites: 221A-221B or equivalent or consent of instructor (concurrent enrollment in 226 is recommended).  Introduction to quantum field theory: canonical quantization of scalar, electromagnetic and Dirac fields; derivation of Feynman rules; regularization and renormalization; introduction to the renormalization group; elements of the path integral.

PHYSICS 232B QUANTUM FIELD THEORY II (4)
Prerequisites: 232A or equivalent or consent of instructor. Renormalization of Yang-Mills gauge theories; BRST quantization of gauge theories; nonperturbative dynamics; renormalization group; basics of effective field theory; large N; solitons; instantons; dualities. Selected current topics.
 

PHYSICS 233A STANDARD MODEL AND BEYOND I (4)
Prerequisites: 232A or equivalent or consent of instructor (concurrent enrollment in 232B is recommened). Introduction to the standard model of particle physics and its applications: construction of the standard model; Higgs mechanism; phenomenology of weak interctions; chiral Lagrangian; QCD and scaling violation. 

PHYSICS 233B STANDARD MODEL AND BEYOND II (4)
Prerequisites: 233A or equivalent or consent of instructor. Advanced topics in the standard model and beyond: open problems in the standard model; supersymmetric models; grand unification; neutrino physics; theories with flat and warped extra dimensions; models at the TeV scale; low string/gravity scale. Selected current topics. 

PHYSICS 234A STRING THEORY I (4)
Prerequisites: 232A or equivalent or consent of instructor (232B is recommended). Perturbative theory of the bosonic strings, superstrings, and heterotic strings: NSR and GS formulations; 2d CFT; strings in background fields; T-duality; effective spacetime supergravity; perturbative description of D-branes; elements of compactifications and string phenomenology; perturbative mirror symmetry.

PHYSICS 234B STRING THEORY II (4)
May be repeated for credit with consent of instructor. Prerequisites: 234A or equivalent or consent of instructor. Nonperturbative aspects of string theory. Topics selected from: black holes; black branes; Bekenstein-Hawking entropy; D-branes; string dualities; M-theory; holographic principle and its realizations; AdS/CFT correspondence; gauge theory/gravity dualities; flux compactifications; cosmology in string theory; topological string theories. Selected current topics. 

PHYSICS 238 Ė ADVANCED ATOMIC, MOLECULAR, AND OPTICAL PHYSICS (4)
Prerequisites: 110A, 130, 137A-137B, and 138; or consent of instructor. Description: Contemporary topics in atomic, molecular, and optical physics are presented at an advanced level. These topics may include one or several of the following, at the discretion of the instructor: mechanical effects of light-atom interactions, ultra-cold atomic physics, molecular physics, resonance optics of multi-level atoms, and probing particle physics with atoms and molecules. 

PHYSICS 240A - 240B QUANTUM THEORY OF SOLIDS  (4, 4)
Prerequisites:  Physics 221AB, 141AB, or equivalents or consent of instructor.  Phonon, magnon, plasmon, polaron, and electron fields in solids and their interactions, superconductivity, many-body techniques; Greenís functions; Brillouin zones and symmetry; excitons; impurity states; transport processes; Fermi surfaces; neutron scattering; recoilless emission; theoretical methods in magnetic resonance.
 

PHYSICS 242A - 242B THEORETICAL PLASMA PHYSICS  (4, 4)
Prerequisites:  Physics 142, or consent of instructor.  Analysis of plasma behavior according to the Vlasov, Fokker-Planck equations, guiding center and hydromagnetic descriptions.  Study of equilibria, stability, linear and nonlinear electromagnetic waves, transport, and interaction with radiation.  Rigorous kinetic theory.  

PHYSICS 250  SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHYSICS  (4)
Prerequisites:  Consent of instructor.  May be repeated for credit.  Topics will vary from semester to semester.  See Departmentof Physics course announcements.
 

PHYSICS 251  INTRODUCTION TO GRADUATE RESEARCH IN PHYSICS  (1) Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis only.
Prerequisites:  Graduate standing in the Dept. of Physics or consent of instructor.  A survey of experimental and theoretical research in the Department of Physics, designed for first-year graduate students.  One regular meeting each week with supplementary visits to experimental laboratories.  Meetings include discussions with research staff.
 

PHYSICS C254  HIGH ENERGY ASTROPHYSICS  (3) (Also listed as Astronomy C254)
Prerequisites:  Astronomy 201 or consent of instructor.  Basic physics of high energy radiation processes in an astrophysics environment.  Cosmic ray production and propagation.  Applications selected from pulsars, x-ray sources, supernovae, interstellar medium, extragalactic radio sources, quasars, and big-bang cosmologies. Also listed as Astronomy C254.

PHYSICS C285 THEORETICAL ASTROPHYSICS SEMINAR (2) (Also listed as Astronomy C285) Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis only. The study of theoretical astrophysics. Also listed as Astronomy C285. 

PHYSICS 290A-Z SEMINARS (2) Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis only.
Weekly seminars on specific fields of research. Please consult Department for seminar offering. 

PHYSICS 295 SPECIAL STUDY FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS  (1-4) Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis only.
Prerequisites:  Graduate standing.  This course allows qualified graduate students to investigate possible research fields prior to passing the preliminary exams or to pursue problems of interest through reading or non-laboratory study under the direction of faculty members who agree to give such supervision. 

PHYSICS 299  RESEARCH  (1-12) Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis only.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing; must have passed preliminary exams.  Official credit for research. 

PHYSICS 300 PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:  SUPERVISED TEACHING OF PHYSICS  (2)
Course may be repeated for credit. Two hours of lecture plus 10 to 20 hours of teaching per week. Must be taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor, and appointment as a GSI. Open to physics GSIs. Mandatory for first time GSIs. Topics include teaching theory, effective teaching methods, educational objectives, alternatives to standard classroom methods, reciprocal classroom visitations, and guided group and self-analysis of videotapes. 

PHYSICS 301 ADVANCED PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION: SUPERVISED TEACHING OF PHYSICS (1-2)
Course may be repeated for credit. One hour of lecture plus 10 to 20 hours of teaching per week. Must be taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis. Prerequisites: 300. Discussion, problem review and development, guidance of physics laboratory experiments, course development. 

PHYSICS 602  INDIVIDUAL STUDY FOR DOCTORAL STUDENTS (1-8) Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis only.
Individual study in consultation with the major field advisor intended to provide an opportunity for qualified students to prepare themselves for the various examinations required of candidates for the Ph.D. May not be used for unit or residence requirements for the doctoral degree.