Saul Perlmutter (2011)
Perlmutter, 52, professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley, and a faculty senior scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), led the Supernova Cosmology Project that, in 1998, discovered that galaxies are receding from on another faster now than they were billions of years ago.
He will share the prize with Adam G. Riess, 41, of the Johns Hopkins University and Brian Schmidt, 44, of Australian National Univsersity's Mount Stromlo and Siding Spring Observatories, two members of the competing High-Z Supernova Search team.
George Smoot (2006)
Cosmologist George F. Smoot, who led a team that obtained the first
images of the infant universe — findings that confirmed the predictions
of the Big Bang theory — won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics. Co-Nobelist, John C. Mather is also a UC Berkeley alum. He obtained his Ph.D. from Berkeley Physics under Paul Richards in 1974.
Smoot, a professor of physics at the University of California,
Berkeley, and an astrophysicist at Lawrence Berkeley National
Laboratory (LBNL), shares the prize with John C. Mather of NASA Goddard
Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD.
Steven Chu (1997)
Jointly with Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips for the
development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light.
Charles H. Townes (1964)
Jointly with N. G. Basov and A. M. Prokhorov, Moscow. For fundamental
work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the
construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser
Luis W. Alvarez (1968)
For his decisive contributions to
elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large
number of resonance states, made possible through his development of
the hydrogen bubble chamber technique and data analysis. [Deceased August 31, 1988]
Donald A. Glaser (1960)
For the invention of the bubble chamber.
Owen Chamberlain (1959)
Jointly with Professor Emilio Segre. For their discovery of the antiproton. [Deceased February 28, 2006]
Emilio G. Segrè (1959)
Jointly with Professor Owen Chamberlain. For their discovery of the antiproton. [Deceased April 22, 1989]
Edwin M. McMillan (1951)
Jointly with Glenn T. Seaborg. Awarded in Chemistry. For their
discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements. [Deceased September 1991]
Ernest O. Lawrence (1939)
For the invention of the cyclotron. [Deceased August 27, 1958]
J. Gross (Ph.D. ’66) – 2004
Jointly with H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek "for the discovery of
asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction” Director of
the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics at UC, Santa Barbara.
(Advisor: Geoffrey Chew)
J. Heeger (Ph.D. ’61) - 2000
Jointly with Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa
“for the discovery and development of conductive
polymers” Professor of Physics at UC, Santa
Barbara. (Advisor: Alan Portis)
B. Laughlin (BA ’72 physics
& math) – 1998
Jointly with Horst L. Störmer and Daniel
C. Tsui “for their discovery of a new form
of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations”
E. Lamb, Jr. (Ph.D. ’38) -
"For his discoveries concerning the fine
structure of the hydrogen spectrum” University
of Arizona Regents Professor; Professor of Optical
Sciences and Professor of Physics. (Advisor: Robert