As at most Universities, UC Berkeley has rules governing the behavior of our student community. These are contained in the “Student Code of Conduct”, at http://students.berkeley.edu/osl/sja.asp where you can find the pdf http://students.berkeley.edu/uga/conduct.pdf and view the “Student Guide” which defines academic dishonesty including cheating and plagiarism. This code applies to all students; you are responsible for knowing the information it contains.
Cheating is defined as fraud, deceit, or dishonesty in an academic assignment, or using or attempting to use materials, or assisting others in using materials, that are prohibited or inappropriate in the context of the academic assignment.
Plagiarism is defined as use of intellectual material produced by another person without acknowledging its source.
We add here some physics-specific comments. Plagiarism is often described for textual material. The above definition does not fully cover the plagiarism issue as it pertains to the way we study physics. Mastering physics and similar sciences involves learning basic principles from books, the course lecture, the Web, asking questions, discussion with peers, etc. However, the knowledge is of no use until it is applied to real problems. Most of the learning is done by solving problems; homework assignments are nearly 100% problem solving as are the examinations used to evaluate a student’s progress.
It is essential to the learning process that students first try solving problems using their own analytical skills. Available sources (texts, notes, solution manuals, the web) are great study aids. If you find a published solution to a problem, study it carefully to learn as much as possible, then use what you have learned to write your own solution. This is a scholarly approach, and done this way is not plagiarism. Plagiarism is the copying of another person’s solution or work and claiming it as one’s own, whether it is found on the web or in a book or in discarded homework solutions from a previous year. If there is a passage that is particularly relevant, citing it may be appropriate as long as appropriate credit is given to the original author, specifically meaning use of quotation marks and a citation. In fact, it is good practice to include a list of all outside sources that were consulted for a particular work. If you have questions, you should consult your advisor or course instructor.
Plagiarism and cheating are considered serious disciplinary offenses in the academic world. The campus has procedures in place for faculty to deal with academic dishonesty, including discipline of cheaters and plagiarists. While the purpose of this form is primarily to clarify the physics-specific issues around plagiarism, it is also intended to make clear that if a case is discovered, the faculty of the Physics Department will take appropriate action.